allzermalmer

Truth suffers from too much analysis

Posts Tagged ‘Senses’

Source of Knowledge and Epistemology

Posted by allzermalmer on September 23, 2013

It will be assumed that there are only two sources for knowledge. These sources are both Cognition and Senses.

It will be assumed that each source of knowledge has three possible truth values to be attached to it. The truth values are always true, sometimes true, and never true.

From these two assumptions we are able to derive different epistemological systems that can take on any of these sources or truth values.

1. For all sources of knowledge, if knowledge source is Cognition then knowledge source is always true & if knowledge source is Senses then knowledge source is always true.

2. For all sources of knowledge, if knowledge source is Cognition then knowledge source is always true & if knowledge source is Senses then knowledge source is sometimes true.

3. For all sources of knowledge, if knowledge source is Cognition then knowledge source is always true & if knowledge source is Senses then knowledge source is never true.

4. For all sources of knowledge, if knowledge source is Cognition then knowledge source is sometimes true & if knowledge source is Senses then knowledge source is always true.

5. For all sources of knowledge, if knowledge source is Cognition then knowledge source is sometimes true & if knowledge source is Senses then knowledge source is sometimes true.

6. For all sources of knowledge, if knowledge source is Cognition then knowledge source is sometimes true & if knowledge source is Senses then knowledge source is never true.

7. For all sources of knowledge, if knowledge source is Cognition then knowledge source is never true & if knowledge source is Senses then knowledge source is always true.

8. For all sources of knowledge, if knowledge source is Cognition then knowledge source is never true & if knowledge source is Senses then knowledge source is sometimes true.

9. For all sources of knowledge, if knowledge source is Cognition then knowledge source is never true & if knowledge source is Senses then knowledge source is never true.

It should be made immediately clear that (2) and (4), and (3) and (7), and (6) and (8), are the converse of one another.

It should be made immediately clear that (1) and (9) are contrary to one another, since both may be false but both can’t be true.

It should be made clear that (1) and (5), and (5) and (9) are both contradictory, since both can’t be false but one can be true.  Either (1) or (5) or (9) are true.

Those epistemological hypothesis, like those of (2)-(8), all are fallible. They are sometimes true. It can be supposed that there are different degrees contained within those epistemological hypothesis.

For example, it may be supposed that since some truth comes one of the two sources and that 99% is true or that 1% is true from one of the two sources.

Here is an example of fallibility, i.e. sometimes true, and different degrees of truth contained within it.  Suppose that X stands for Cognition or Senses but not both together.

For all knowledge, if knowledge source is X then knowledge source is 99% true
For all knowledge, if knowledge source is X then knowledge source is 89% true
For all knowledge, if knowledge source is X then knowledge source is 79% true
For all knowledge, if knowledge source is X then knowledge source is 69% true
For all knowledge, if knowledge source is X then knowledge source is 59% true
For all knowledge, If knowledge source is X then knowledge source is 49% true
For all knowledge, if knowledge source is X then knowledge source is 39% true
For all knowledge, if knowledge source is X then knowledge source is 29% true
For all knowledge, if knowledge source is X then knowledge source is 19% true
For all knowledge, if knowledge source is X then knowledge source is 9% true
For all knowledge, if knowledge source is X then knowledge source is 1% true.

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Different Models of both Knowledge & Epistemology

Posted by allzermalmer on September 20, 2013

One of the differences in epistemology are different theories of knowledge. Renee Descartes helped to present one theory of knowledge, which followed a general form of Rationalism. There is another general form known as Empiricism.

We shall have two Categories and three Truth-values.

Category 1: Cognitive or Cognition
Truth Value: Either Cognition is always true or Cognition is sometimes true & sometimes false or Cognition is always false.

Category 2: Sensory or Senses
Truth Value: Either Senses are always true or Senses are sometimes true & sometimes false or Senses are always false.

Now we can combine both of these categories together to form Both Cognition & Senses, apply the Truth Values, and derive 9 different Models of Epistemology or Knowledge.

Hypothesis *1:
Both cognition is always true & senses are always true.
Both senses are always true & cognition is always true.

Hypothesis *2:
Both cognition is always true & senses are sometimes true and sometimes false.
Both senses are sometimes true and sometimes false & cognition is always true.

Hypothesis *3:
Both cognition is always true & senses are always false.
Both senses are always false & cognition is always true.

Hypothesis 1*:
Both cognition is sometimes true and sometimes false & senses are always true.
Both senses are always true & cognition is sometimes true and sometimes false.

Hypothesis 2*:
Both cognition is sometimes true and sometimes false & senses are sometimes true and sometimes false.
Both senses are sometimes true and sometimes false & cognition is sometimes true and sometimes false.

Hypothesis 3*:
Both cognition is sometimes true and sometimes false & senses are always false.
Both senses are always false & cognition is sometimes true and sometimes false.

Hypothesis *1*:
Both cognition is always false & senses are always true.
Both senses are always true & cognition is always false.

Hypothesis *2*:
Both cognition is always false & senses are sometimes true and sometimes false.
Both senses are sometimes true and sometimes false & cognition is always false.

Hypothesis *3*:
Both cognition is always false & senses are always false.
Both senses are always false & cognition is always false.

These models of knowledge, or epistemology, exhaust all logically possible positions given only these two categories and these three truth values. Some possible subdivisions could be made, especially when either categories, or both, take on the truth value of sometimes true and sometimes false.

One basic idea is that cognition, under Rationalism, would always be true & senses, under empiricism, would always be true.

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