allzermalmer

Truth suffers from too much analysis

Gnostic and Agnostic Breakdown

Posted by allzermalmer on August 2, 2013

The main interest is of Agnosticism, and this by default can have some implication with Atheism and Theism.

It will be supposed that Agnosticism is about lack of knowledge or not knowing. Gnosticism will be about having knowledge or knowing. It will be supposed that to have knowledge of a claim, then that claim is Justified, True, and it is Believed.

(Gnostic) K=JTB
(Agnostic) ~K= (A1) NJTB v (A2) JNTB v (A3) JTNB v (A4) NJNTNB

There are four ways to agnosticism, but there is only one way to gnosticism.

(A1) Claim isn’t Justified & Claim is True & Claim is Believed.
(A2) Claim is Justified & Claim isn’t True & Claim is Believed.
(A3) Claim is Justified & Claim is True & Claim isn’t Believed.
(A4) Claim isn’t Justified & Claim isn’t True & Claim isn’t Believed.

(Gnostic Socrates) If Socratesl knows the claim p, then Socrates claim is Justified, True, and Believed by the Socrates.

(Agnostic Socrates) If Socrates doesn’t know the claim p, then…
(A1) Socrates claim isn’t Justified, but Socrates believes the claim and it’s True.
(A2) Socrates claim isn’t True, but Socrates claim is Justified and Believed.
(A3) Socrates claim isn’t Believed, but Socrates claim is Justified and it’s True.
(A4) Socrates claim isn’t Justified, isn’t Believed, and isn’t True.

Suppose that p is “there exists a deity”. So ~p stands for “there doesn’t exist a deity”.

(i)Kp= Socrates knows there exists a deity.
(ii) K~p= Socrates knows that there doesn’t exist a deity.

(iii) ~Kp= Socrates doesn’t know that there exists a deity.
(iv) ~K~p= Socrates doesn’t know that there doesn’t exist a deity.

Assume Socrates doesn’t know that the earth is flat. This is because Socrates knows that the earth isn’t flat. Socrates knowing that the earth isn’t flat implies that it is true that the earth isn’t flat. Socrates can’t know false things (but can believe false things), so Socrates doesn’t know that the earth is flat, especially because Socrates knows that the earth isn’t flat.

So it becomes obvious that:

(i) Kp doesn’t forbid ~K~p:: Socrates knows that there exists a deity doesn’t forbid Socrates doesn’t know there doesn’t exist a deity.

(ii) K~p doesn’t forbid ~Kp:: Socrates knows that there doesn’t exist a deity doesn’t forbid Socrates doesn’t know that there exists a deity.

(iii) ~Kp doesn’t forbid (ii) K~p :: Socrates doesn’t know there exists a deity doesn’t forbid Socrates knows there doesn’t exist a deity.

(iv) ~K~p doesn’t forbid (i) Kp :: Socrates doesn’t know there doesn’t exist a deity doesn’t forbid Socrates knows there does exist a deity.

(iii) or (iv) doesn’t imply that Gnostic, but can be Gnostic. (A1)-(A4) show some reasons on why (iii) and (iv) don’t necessarily imply, but don’t forbid, being Gnostic.

When it comes specifically to “there exists a deity”, it would mean that in order to be Agnostic on that claim, Socrates would have to take part of (iii) and (iv).

In order to be Agnostic, then Socrates doesn’t know there exists a deity and Socrates doesn’t know there doesn’t exist a deity.

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